Group 1: Organic pigments

Of natural origin, animal or vegetable (living), usually carbon compounds. Some examples:

  • Carmine (from the Cochineal insect)

  • Gummigutta, Gamboge (from the gum resin of the Garcinia Tree)

  • Indian Yellow (from the urine of cows that eat mango leaves)

  • Mummy (from the remains of Egyptian mummies)

  • Madder Lacquer (from the root of the common Madder plant)

Group 2: Anorganic pigments

Chemical compounds from chemical elements other than carbons (non-living). Some examples divided into three subgroups:

Earth pigments:

  • Ochres

  • Umbers

  • Green Earth

  • Caput Mortuum

  • Venetian Red

Mineral pigments:

  • Malachite

  • Vermillion

  • Lapis Lazuli

Synthetic inorganic pigments (do not occur in nature but are manufactured):

  • Prussian Blue

  • Ceruleum Blue

  • Lead White

  • Cadmiums

Group 3: Synthetic organic pigments

Complex carbon compounds which do not occur in nature, but are created in the laboratory. Some examples:

  • Phtalocyanine Blues and Greens

  • Quinacridones

  • Isoindolinones

  • Dioxazine

  • Azo Pigments